The incorporation of main group elements into conjugated materials is known to result in unusual properties and to enable new functions. In particular, the ability of tricoordinate boron to participate in p-delocalization can have a dramatic effect on the optoelectronic properties of conjugated materials by selectively lowering the LUMO orbital levels. The electron-deficient character of boron also enables the reversible formation of Lewis pairs (LPs) by interaction of Lewis acids with Lewis bases.
The complexity and specificity of many forms of signal transduction require spatial microcompartmentation and dynamic modulation of the activities of signaling molecules, such as protein kinases, phosphatases and second messengers. In this talk, I will focus on cAMP/PKA, PI3K/Akt/mTORC1 or Ras/ERK signaling pathways and present studies where we combined genetically encoded fluorescent biosensors, advanced imaging, targeted biochemical perturbations and mathematical modeling to probe the biochemical activity architecture of the cell.
Many disease states are characterized by molecular level changes that occur before detectable symptoms have begun to manifest. In order to maximize treatment outcomes it is essential to accurately detect such alterations at an early stage. Chemical probes designed to selectively image such molecular processes have the potential to not only aid in disease diagnosis but can also provide unique insights into disease progression.
Chemical education researchers at UVa focus on transforming STEM instruction at the undergraduate level by studying faculty and teaching assistants.
Crystal growth theory predicts that heterogeneous nucleation will occur preferentially at defect sites, such as the vertices rather than the faces of shape-controlled seeds. Platonic metal solids are generally assumed to have vertices with nearly identical chemical potentials, and also nearly identical faces, leading to the useful generality that heterogeneous nucleation preserves the symmetry of the original seeds in the final product.
This presentation will describe our recent application of Frustrated Lewis Pairs (FLPs) to gain access to inorganic methylene EH2 complexes (E = Group 14 element) and their use to deposit bulk metal films from solution. This will be followed by a highlight of our studies on anionic N-heterocyclic olefin (NHO) ligands, leading to rare examples of acyclic two-coordinate silylenes (R2Si:). I will also describe the ability of our silylenes to activate strong homo- and heteroatomic bonds under mild conditions.